Textile News



To make trade fair, empower small scale producers and workers and to foster sustainable livelihoods.


Fairtrade changes the way trade works through better prices, decent working conditions and a fairer deal for farmers. The Fairtrade standards require farmers to organize in democratic producer organizations and environmentally sound agricultural practices. It ensures the Fairtrade Minimum Price and Fairtrade Premium.

Producing Countries (2016/17 unless otherwise stated)

Manufacturing Process


Manufacturing Location


Fiber Production 2016/17 (MT)


Growth in production (2016/17 - 2017/18)

24% increase

Market Share of Total Cotton Grown (2017/18)


Projected growth in production

Projected increase

Yield (see accompanying “TE Position” notes)

Yield increases recorded. Dependent on rainfall as most Fairtrade cotton is rainfed.

Rainfed/ Irrigated

Predominantly rainfed (75% in 2015)

Water Management

Promotes efficient and sustainable use of water resources.

Soil Fertility

Encourages improvement of soil fertility through composting, crop rotation & intercropping, and reduction/ prevention of soil erosion.


Ensures no negative impact on protected and HCV areas and must comply to national legislation on agricultural land use and carry out activities to protect and enhance biodiversity.

GMOs Permitted?


Use of Hazardous Pesticides

Promotes IPM and organic practices. Prohibited Materials List is divided in two: The Red List includes materials that are prohibited, whilst the Amber List includes materials that are under evaluation for inclusion in the Red List.

Use of Synthetic Fertilizer

Red and amber list of PML (based on POP, PIC, WHO, PAN 12)

LCA available?


Water Consumption (m3/ 1000kg fiber*) or best practices used to conserve water

No LCA data

Primary Energy Demand MJ /1000 kg fiber *

No LCA data

Global Warming (kg of CO2-eq/ 1000kg fiber*)

No LCA data

Eutrophication (kg of phosphate-eq/ 1000 kg fiber *)

No LCA data

Social considerations / regulations

Stringent criteria on freedom from discrimination, forced/ compulsory labor, child labor, freedom of association and collective bargaining. Operators in the supply chain must comply with ILO core conventions.

Verification / Certification (farm level)

Certification by 3rd party.

Chain of Custody (supply chain)

Two models: (1) Classic – physically segregated and traceable, (2) Mass balance – physically traceable until spinner; CoC maintained through supply chain via online tool.

Product marketing/labeling

On product and In store marketing. Third party certified (Fairtrade Mark

Consumer recognition

Fairtrade mark widely understood and trusted by consumers.


Farmers paid FT Minimum Price. Communities benefit from FT Premiums – spending decided democratically by cooperatives.

Product marketing/labeling

On product and In store marketing. Third party certified (Fairtrade Mark

Quality perception/ implications

Historical perceptions of quality being an issue – but not so much these days.
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